Krishi Vigyan Kendra Jammu

Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu

O

Prof. JP Sharma

Hon'ble Vice Chancellor

VICE CHANCELLORS 'S Msg.

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IMPORTANT LINKS

 

DISTRICT PROFILE

 

Jammu District is known as the city of temples and is also the winter capital of state. The city was Founded by Raja Jambu Lochan who lived in 14th Century B.C. Jammu is situated around river Tawi and is bound by Udhampur district in the north and north east, Samba district in the east and south east, Pakistan (Sialkote) in the west and Rajouri district in the northwest. It is located 740 24' and 750 18' east longitude and 320 50' and 330 30' north latitude. The district falls under sub-mountainous region. The Shivalik ranges rise gradually from behind the Jammu town and merge the Indo Gangetic Plains in the South spreading over an area of 2336 sq.kms (2011 census). Jammu also serves as base camp for the holy shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi. The temperature varies from cold in winter with minimum temperature touching even 0.9'C to heat wave in summers when the temperature shoots upto 460C. Jammu district has population of 15.29 lakhs, out of which rural population is 7.65 lakhs and urban population is 7.64 lakhs. The male and female population in rural area is 4.02 lakhs and 3.63 lakhs and in urban area 4.12 and 3.52 lakhs, respectively (2011 census). The literary rate of the district is 77%. The district comprises four tehsils i.e. Jammu, R.S.Pura, Akhnoor and Bishnah. The entire district can be divided into two distinct portions. The area forming north of Jammu-Chhamb road and Jammu-Pathankot road which is known as Kandi area is comparatively under-developed and is mostly minted. The area south of these roads is largely fed by canal and tube wells for irrigation purposes and is relatively more prosperous. As per the census of 2011 Jammu District consists of 780 inhabited villages.

 

Map of the district Jammu

Population Density

As per the census of 2011, the district has a population of 15.29 lakh. The average density of population in the district as per census of 2011 is 653 persons per sq km. Schedule caste population in the district is 3.78 lakh which  works out to be 24.71%of total population. (census 2011)

 

Occupation Pattern

According to census of 2001 the occupation pattern of the District is such that the number or Cultivators is 112480, Agriculture Labourer is 24157, Business man 5848 and other 307718. The agriculture labourer is about 25% of the total working force.

 

Area Utilization

The total area of Jammu district is 2342 square kilometers (census 2011). In 2011-12, the net area sown was 0.91 lakh hectare. Adding to it, the area sown more than once which was of the order of 0.951 lakh hectare. The gross cultivated area works out to be 1.857 lakh hectare.

 

Climate

Jammu District has a sub tropical climate with hot and dry climate in summer and cold climate in winter. Being in the foothills of the mountains, nights are generally cooler that what they are in the neighbouring areas of Punjab. Minimum and Maximum temperature is around 4oC respectively. Rainy season usually starts from the end of June or the beginning of July. Average rainfall in the district is about 1246 mm.

 

 Irrigated Sub-Tropical Zone

It includes irrigated areas of Satwari, Bishnah, R.S.Pura, Marh and Bhalwal. The unirrigated area fallsAkhnoor, Dansal and Khour blocks.

 

Land use statistics (As per 2011 statistics)

1

Population

15.29 lakh (as per census 2011)

2

Area according to village paper

2.37 lakh ha

3

Area under forests

0.30 lakh ha

4

Land put to non agricultural use

0.35 lakh ha

5

Barrel and un cultivable land

0.34 lakh ha

6

Permanente pastures and grossing

0.04 lakh ha

7

Cultivable waste land

0.12 lakh ha

8

Current follow

0.17 lakh ha

 

Data as on 2011-12

Geographical Area (Sq.km)   

a.       No of sub divisions                              

b.      No. of community development blocks

c.       No. of villages

2336

04

08

780

Agro climatic Zone

Subtropical

Agro climatic characteristics

a.       Temperature C

                                 Minimum          

                                 Maximum

b.      Rainfall (average in mm)                      

c.       Humidity (highest in monsoon month)

 

 

4C

47C

1135 mm

90%

 

Irrigation facilities from different sources (ha)

S. No

Source

Area (ha)

1

By Canal

49886

2

By Well/Tubewell/others

2405

3

Springs/Tanks

1627

4

Others

2161

Total irrigated area

56079 (62%)

 

Consumption of chemical fertilizers (q) (Jammu + Samba)

Urea

DAP

MOP

Total

95603

63815

7350

160153

 

Animal population in the district  (as per 2011 census in lacs)

Category

Population (lakh)

Cattle

2.080

Buffalo

1.615

Sheep

0.600

Goats

1.578

Horse & Ponies

0.060

Donkeys/Mules

0.010

Camels

0.003

Pigs

0.005

Poultry

6.533

 

Predominant Economic Activities in the District: Paddy and Wheat

Major Food Commercial Crops of the District: Paddy, Maize, Vegetables, Wheat, Pulses etc.

 

Existing Farming systems in different blocks

S. No.

Agro Ecological Situation

Blocks

Farming System

1

(AES-I)

R.S. Pura and Bishnah

Agri + Animal Husbandry

2

(AES-II)

Marh and  Satwari

Agri + Vegetable +AH Horti

3

(AES-III)

Khour and  Akhnoor

Agri + Animal Husbandry

4

(AES-IV)

Bhalwal and Dansal

Agri+AH+Horti+ Poultry

 

Details of Crops and Cropping Systems in the District

Season

Crop

AES-I

AES-II

AES-III

AES-IV

 

 

Cropping System

Cropping System

Cropping System

Cropping System

Kharif & Rabi

Paddy - Maize

Paddy - toria - wheat

Paddy - toria - wheat

Maize - toria - wheat

Maize - Patato - wheat

Maize - toria - wheat

Maize - toria - Gobi sarson

 

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

S. No

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1

Sub-tropical Zone

Situated between 300-450m above sea level having severe winter, rare occurrence of frost and a hot spell of summer with concentration of precipitation in summer months

 

Agro ecological situation

Characteristics

2

Rain-fed

The average rainfall of District Jammu ranges between 750-900 mm. Agriculture in this area is complex, diverse and risk-prone and is characterized by low levels of productivity and low input usage. Vagaries of the monsoon result in wide variation and instability in yields.

 

Soil types of the district

S. No

Soil type

Characteristics

1

Sandy loam

pH 7.7-8.1, EC-0.15-0.23, organic carbon 0.35-0.44 (low), N- low, P-medium, K- medium

2

Loamy sand

pH 7.2-7.5, EC-0.15-0.20, organic carbon 0.45-0.55 (low), N- low, P-medium, K- high

3

Clay loam

pH 7.1-7.8, EC-0.18-0.22, organic carbon 0.40-0.50(low), N- low, P-medium, K- medium

4

Silty clay loam

pH 7.4-7.6, EC-0.16-0.20, organic carbon 0.42-0.50 (low), N- low, P-medium, K- medium

 

Crop wise area sown under different crops in Jammu district

 

S. No

Crop

Season

Unit

Marh

R.S. Pura

Akhnoor

Dansal

Total

1

Wheat

Rabi

Ha

18450

21500

20350

10700

71000

2

Maize

Kharif

Ha

4550

-

3300

4150

12000

3

Paddy

Kharif

Ha

12000

25000

7800

200

45000

4

Bajra

Kharif

Ha

500

-

2000

1000

3500

5

Pulses

Kharif

Ha

1000

2350

1400

2000

6750

Rabi

Ha

1000

100

2200

1200

4500

6

Oilseed

Kharif

Ha

800

-

600

600

2000

Rabi

Ha

1100

1400

1500

700

4700

7

Fodder

Kharif

Ha

800

600

600

500

2500

Rabi

Ha

2550

2500

2200

800

8050

8

Vegetables

Kharif

Ha

1700

380

990

240

3310

Rabi

Ha

3320

1650

1480

240

6690

 

Sub Total:

Kharif

Ha

21300

28330

16690

8690

75,010

 

Rabi

Ha

26470

27150

27730

13640

94,990

 

Total

Ha

47770

55480

44420

22330

170000

 

PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF CEREAL CROPS

S. No

Crop

2009 10

2010 11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

Area  (Ha)

Productivity (Qtls/Ha)

Prod. (M.T's)

Area (Ha)

Productivity (Qtls/Ha)

Prod.  (M.T's)

Area (Ha)

Productivity  (Qtls/Ha)

Prod.  (M.T's)

Area (Ha)

Productivity (Qtls/Ha)

Prod.  (M.T's)

Area (Ha)

Productivity (Qtls/Ha)

Prod.  (M.T's)

1

Paddy

43710

32.86

1.4365

46908

28.35

1.3299

45000

33.75

1.5185

44000

33.18

1.4594

45000

35.27

1.5869

2

Maize

11905

19.75

0.235

11553

26.10

0.302

12526

27.07

0.314

12000

29.01

0.348

12000

30.54

0.366

3

Wheat

68496

14.85

1.0171

71000

1.2204

17.19

69902

22.45

1.5022

71000

30.50

2.1654

71000

25.96

1.8432